Voice Changes part-3

Example 3:
Active: Did you play football?
Assertive: You played football.
Assertive 
এর passive: Football was played by you.
Passive 
 রুপান্তর: Was football played by you?

  1. B)Who যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure: Who এর পরিবর্তে By whom + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + object এর subject + অনেক সময় tense অনুযায়ী কর্তার পরে be/ being/ been বসাতে হয় + verb এর past participle form + ?.

Active: Who is playing football?
Passive: BY whom is football being played?
Active: Who will help me?
Passive: By whom will I be helped?

  1. C)Whom যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure: Whom এর পরিবর্তে who + tense  person অনুযায়ী

Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object +?

Active: Whom did you see on the road?
Passive: Who was seen by you on the road?
Active: Whom has he murdered in this home?
Passive: Who is murdered by him in this home?

  1. D)What যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure:  What + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object +?

Active: What do you want?
Passive: What is wanted by you?

Rule 7: Subject + verb + object + present participle যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure:  Object এর subject + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + present participle যুক্ত অংশটি + by + subject এর object.

Active: I saw him playing cricket.
Passive: He was seen playing cricket by me.
Active: I took him for a friend.
Passive: He was taken for a friend by me.

Rule 8: Double object যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure: দুইটা object এর যে কোন একটি subject করতে হয় (personal object কে subject  রুপান্তর করলে ভাল) + verb এর past participle form + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + প্রদত্ত বাকি object টি বসে + by + active voice এর subject টি object রুপে হয়।

Active: I gave him a flower. Passive: He was given a flower by me. Active: He teaches us math. Passive: we are taught English by him.

Rule 9: Complex and compound sentence যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Complex and compound sentence যুক্ত active voice  রূপান্তরের সময় উভয় clause এর voice পরিবর্তন হয়।

Active: I know that he did the work.
Passive: It is known to me that the work was done by him.
Active: He told me that he had done the work.
Passive: I was told that the work had been done by him.

Note: Active voice “people say” দিয়ে শুরু হলে It is said দিয়ে passive voice করাই ভাল।

Active: People say that the lion is the king of forest.
Passive: It is said that the lion is the king of forest.

Rule 10:Intransitive verb যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

সাধারনত Intransitive verb এর passive voice হয় না তবে Intransitive verb এর পরে preposition যুক্ত হয়ে যদি group verb গঠন করে এবং তা Intransitive verb হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয় তাহলে –

Structure: Object টি subject + tense অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + প্রদত্ত preposition + by + subject টির object

Active: The truck run over the boy.
Passive: The boy was run over by the truck.
Active: They looked at the poor man.
Passive: The poor man was looked at by them.

Rule 11:Reflexive object (myself, ourselves, yourselves, yourself, themselves, himself, herself) যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Structure: Active voice subject টি অপরিবর্তিত অবস্থায় passive voice এর subject হিসেবে হবে + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + Reflexive object বসবে।

Active: He hanged himself.
Passive: He was hanged by himself.
Active: You killed yourself.
Passive: You were killed by yourself.

Rule 12: Factitive object/Complementary object যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice  রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম

Factitive object/Complementary object( select, elect, nominate, make, call, name ইত্যাদি transitive verb থাকা সত্ত্বেও সম্পূর্ণ রুপে অর্থ প্রকাশ করতে পারে না। পরিপূর্ণ অর্থ প্রকাশ করার জন্য অতিরিক্ত object আনতে হয়। এইরুপ অতিরিক্ত object কে Factitive object/Complementary objectবলে।

Structure:  নামবাচক object টির (me, us, you, them, him, her) object টি subject হয়। + tense  person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + Factitive object + by + subject এর object

Active: They made me captain.
Passive: I was made captain by them.
Active: We call him liar.
Passive: He is called liar by us.