The Adjective

Adjective: An adjective is a part of speech (word) that modifies a noun or a pronoun by

Qualifying, specifying or describing it.

Adjective বলতে এমন এক ধরণের শব্দমালাকে বোঝায় যারা কোন Noun বা Pronoun এর যোগ্যতাস্বতন্ত্রতাবা বর্ণনা সম্পর্কে ধারণা দিয়ে থাকে।

Generally an adjective modifies a noun by answering one of these following questions:
Which? What kind? How many?

– Foxes are cunning animal. (Answer the question “What king of animal?)
– Five or six gunmen attack the area. (Answer the question “How many gunmen?)
– The one eyed man tells him the story. (Answer the question “Which man?)

Adjective Classification:

Following are the different types of adjectives

  1. Qualitative Adjective or Adjective of quality:

Expresses the qualities of something or someone.
Such as great, good, bad, wise, poor, nice, happy, pretty, angry, blue, etc.

– He gives me a great idea.
– Mr. Rahim is a good person.
– He is a bad guy.

Adjective of quality answer the question: what kind?

  1. Quantitative Adjective or Adjective of quantity:

Expresses or indicates the quantity of a noun or pronoun.
Such as some, little, much, enough, whole, sufficient, all, none, more, half, no, etc.

– I have enough money to but he car.
– The whole countrymen congratulated the president.
– She wants all the money.

Adjective of quantity answer the question: How many or much?

iii. Numeric or Adjective of number:

Express the number or order of something or someone. Such as one, two, three, ………., first, second, third, ……………, single, double, triple, quadruple, twofold, threefold, fivefold, ………… etc.

– He can eat ten eggs at a time.
– She is the first girl in the class.
– The house owner does not rent the room to the single person.

Adjective of number is two types Definite and Indefinite.

Definite Numeric adjectives are of three kinds.
Such as
– Cardinal (one, two, ….),
– Ordinal (first, second, ……),
– Multiplicative (Single, double, ……..)

  1. Demonstrative Adjective:

Specifies noun or pronoun. Such as this, that, those, these etc.

– This boy is good.
– That is her room.
– These are the book to follow.

  1. Distributive Adjective:

Express the distributive state of nouns. Such as every, each, neither, either, both etc.

– Every movie in the series is popular.
– Both the boys are appreciated by them.
– Each person will get the reward.

  1. Possessive Adjective:

Shows the possession or belongingness in the sentence. Such as his, her, him, my, our, your, their, etc.

– This is her cell phone.
– I have seen their house.
– Our house is tow stored house.

vii. Interrogative Adjective:

Interrogative Adjective modifies nouns in interrogative sentence. Such as which, what, whose, etc.

– What kind of man he is?
– Whose phone is this?
– Which program are you listening?