This period, like the previous two periods, belonged to the puritan age. Only in this period there was no monarch in England.  After the death of Charles-1, Oliver Cromwell, the puritan leader, came to power. He died in 1658 when his son Richard Cromwell, became the ruler of England. He ruled England till 1660. In this period Puritanism became gradually unpopular. The English people realized that Monarchy was essential for them.

Major Authors of Commonwealth:

1)John Milton (1620-1674) (epic poet)
2)Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679),
3) Jeremy Taylor (1613-67):
4) Vaughan (1621-95)
5) John Bunyan (1628-1688

  1. Thomas Hobbes

Birth : 5 April , 1588 Westport , England

Death : 4 Dec. 1679 Derby shine , England

Important Works :

# Liviathan

# Tractatus opticus
# De Motu
# A minute or the first draught of the optiques .

# De Mirabilis Pecci

# De cive

  1. Jeremy Taylor

Birth : 15 August , 1613

Death : 13 August , 1667

Important notes and works :

# He is known as the “ Shakespeare of the divine ”(Jeremy Taylor) .

# A discourse of the liberty of Prophesying.

# Great Examplar

# Twenty seven  Sermon .

John Milton(1608-1674):

Was an english poet,polemicist(তার্কিক), and a civil servent for the commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He was both a poet and a painter.

Writtings:

  1. Pardise Lost (epic)
  2. Paradise Regain (epic)
  3. Smson Agonistes (closet drama)
  4. Lycidas (elegy)
  1. Neo – Classical period -1660 – 1785-Part-01

Neo – Classical period (1660 – 1785 )

            This age is called Neoclassical or pseudo – Classical Age to mean the artificiality of writers of this age. They imitated the accident Greek and Roman literary tradition but lacked the originality of the writers of that period.

The neo – Classical Age comprises three shorter ages:

  1. The Restoration Period ( 1660 – 1700 )
  2. The Augustan Age ( 1702 – 1745 )
  3. The Age of Sensibility ( 1745 – 85 )